Â Â Foreign judgments concerning judgments in civil cases, including business disputes, cases related to execution of entrepreneurial and other business activities, and judgments on compensation for damages caused by unlawful acts, are recognized and implemented in the KR if such is provided by law or by international multi- or bilateral conventions in which the KR is a party.
Â Â As practice shows, however, there is no special law that stipulates the precise terms according to which foreign judgments can be implemented or not. However, the KR is a party to international conventions on the basis of which interested person can apply to Kyrgyz courts for the recognition and implementation of the foreign judgment. One of such conventions is the Convention on legal support and legal relations on civil, family and criminal cases of CIS countries of January 22nd, 1993, which was ratified by the KR in 1995. Later in 2005, the KR signed the Convention on legal support and legal relations on civil, family and civil cases of October 7th, 2002, replacing the former Convention.
Â Â There are also various bilateral agreements entered into between the KR and countries such as Azerbaijan, Iran, India, China, Latvia, Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and other countries regarding mutual legal support. Presently the KR recognizes and implements decisions of foreign courts on civil, family and criminal cases of the following countries: Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.
Â Â Foreign judgments on the personal status of citizens and divorce cases or cases related to the invalidation of marriages are recognized in the KR and do not need to follow any implementation proceedings.
Â Â An interested party can also receive the recognition of a foreign judgment by making the appropriate application to Kyrgyz courts, in which case the court decides whether to grant recognition of foreign decision or not.
Â Â Applications have to be in the written form and have to be signed by the applicant or his representative. That application should contain the following:
1) name of the court to which the application is being made;
2) name and place of the foreign court;
3) name of the applicant, his/her representative;
4) name of the debtor, his/her place of residence or the destination of his/her property;
5) applicantâ€™s written request on recognition and compulsory implementation of the judgment;
6) supplementary documents. The applicant may also enter telephone and fax numbers, email addresses of the debtor or his/her representatives for accurate and timely consideration of the application.